Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to several associated varieties of clothes originating from your Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but often also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[3] Extra generally, pajamas may perhaps check with several clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The globally utilization of pajamas (the term along with the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th centuries, along with the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian period. Pajamas had been launched to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they quickly fell away from fashion. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first fifty percent of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an write-up of dishabille and of night attire, and it is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and More Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be possible that we English took the practice just like a fantastic lots of others from your Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London shops. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 a long time ago, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was often the case with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it is actually due to White Ants."[10]


Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-trousers combination made from soft cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor typically features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas will often be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night satisfies.

Some pajamas function a fall seat (also called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats ended up very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but from the early 20-initial century These are instead exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.

Whilst pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have in some cases bundled the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of brief dress leading above shorts or quick pants.[18]

Pajamas might these days consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they became well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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